The Dangers of Sitting ~ Get Up & Active!

By Dr. Deane Studer, DC

A study in the Annals of Internal Medicine found that sitting was associated with poor health outcomes. Published in January 2014, the researchers used a meta-analysis of numerous studies and 47 articles met their eligibility criteria. Discovered was a connection between prolonged sitting or sedentary behavior and an increased incidence of mortality, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer.

Results showed that diabetes was the greatest risk factor. Sitting 6-12 hours a day increases the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes (91%), dying from all-causes (24%), from heart disease (18%), from cancer (17%), and developing cancer (13%).

Our best option is to get up and move! In fact, your spine loves movement and the brain feeds from the sensations of motion. Chiropractors maintain the alignment of spines, which improves the capacity to move. Consider having your spine checked by a professional who knows the importance of keeping your spine and nervous system healthy.

Stand strong and move well!

The Best Sleeping Position

Written by Dr. Deane Studer, DC

Photo by Vladislav Muslakov on Unsplash

From time to time, you may have awakened to a stiff and painful neck or lower back. As a chiropractor, I often get asked the question, “Should I sleep on my back, stomach or side?” Well, some new science reveals the optimal positions to sleep…

You sleep approximately one third of your life. Your brain and body repair and reboot your mental and emotional intelligence during sleep. Metabolism and energy distribution are rejuvenated and replenished. Sleep also flushes out toxins created by your brain from normal daily functions. Researchers Maiken Nedergaard and Steven Goldman describe it as “an internal plumbing system [that] rids the brain of toxic wastes. Sleep is when this cleanup ritual occurs.”1 In their March 2016 Scientific America article, these researchers discovered this function and called it the glymphatic system, similar in action to the lymphatic system of the body.

Optimizing this flushing of toxins is dependent on gravity that assists in the continual flow of fluids in this mechanical filtering system. Their study showed that a good position for this fluid flow is on your back, but lying on your side is better. Sleeping on your side allows the glymphatics to properly drain the build-up of worn-out proteins.

Stomach sleeping or sitting in a chair does not promote the necessary conditions that force the fluids to move. A twist in the spine does not allow proper alignment and may irritate the muscle and joint pain receptors attaching to the spine. This is when you may wake up to notice a sore and painful kink in your neck.

Remember—sleeping is a vital component of health!

1 Nedergaard, Maiken, and Steven A Goldman. “Brain Drain.” Scientific American 314, no. 3 (2017): 44-9.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5347443/

Osteoarthritis Increasing Due to Lifestyle

Osteoarthritis is basically a process of cartilage cells in joints dying. The prevailing theory is wear-and-tear of the joints over the years from living longer and obesity rates. But a new study from Dr. Jan Wallace in the Department of Human Evolutionary Biology at Harvard University suggests our lifestyle is the biggest factor. Analyzing over 2000 skeletons from academic institutions and museums across America allowed Dr. Wallace to diagnose osteoarthritic joints. Closer examination of these joints revealed eburnation, a distinct polish that develops on the two bones from them rubbing together due to cartilage cell deterioration leading to bone-on-bone pressure.

Even though the study took into account statistical variables for changes over time, longevity, and body mass index there was an increase in the prevalence of osteoarthritis by 50% in the last 50 years. If our culture is becoming more sedentary, moving less and physical activity is on the decline and osteoarthritis is a wear-and-tear phenomenon, then there should be a decrease in the numbers as we have become less active over the last 5 decades. Dr. Wallace?s data suggests that osteoarthritis is preventable by loading the joints by increasing the level of physical exercise. He also mentioned that mechanical loading has an accumulative effect on osteoarthritis,  as do pro-inflammatory foods.

When joints are properly aligned, allowing natural range of motion under appropriate loads, cartilage, ligaments, and muscles can grow stronger and thicker, reducing the probability of joint degeneration and decay. Every day you need to get out there and move because the sayings “motion is lotion” and “use it or lose it” applies even more today!

Study: http://www.pnas.org/content/114/35/9332.full

Written by Dr. Deane Studer, DC

Arise Chiropractic, Vernon BC

Shoulder, Thorax & Thoracic Spine

The shoulder & pectoral girdle has 3 bones, 3 joints, and 1 articulation. The chest cavity, or thorax, consists of 12 vertebrae connected to 12 pairs of ribs which connects to the sternum in the front of the body. The thorax forms an elastic but firm cavity that protects vital organs. It also generates a punctum fixum (fixed point) for the functional mobility of the upper and lower extremities to transfer forces between the them. Designed functionally to enhance breathing oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. Our structural architecture provides the vehicle for you to lead your life and the direction it follows.

Anatomy

The shoulder joint or glenohumeral joint (GH) is a ball-and-socket joint between the glenoid fossa of the scapula and head of the humerus bone. It is the most mobile joint in the body and most frequently dislocated. The glenoid fossa is shallow but deepened by a fibrocartilaginous rim called the glenoid labrum and anomalies or variations in size and thickness occur. Comparable to a golf ball on a tee horizontally, the shoulder joint has a fibrous capsule that envelops the entire articulation, but with a laxity which affords both Active and Passive Range of Motion (ROM). Ligaments reinforce the static and dynamic stability of the joint in varying directions and positions. There are many bursae (fibrous sacs of synovial fluid) around the joint in specific locations to protect the tendons which move over bones quickly with extreme forces. The subacromial bursae is subject to irritation causing inflammation and referred to as Impingement Syndrome, which is a specific and localized sensation on the top of your shoulder when you lift your arm up. The pectoral girdle consists of two scapulae and two clavicles. The medial portion of the clavicle attaches to the top of the sternum at the sternoclavicular (SC) joint. The distal clavicle connects to the scapula at the acriomioclavicular (AC) joint. The acromion, a uniquely evolved bone feature of the scapula has three types or shapes formed congenitally (Type I or flat 17%, Type II or curved 43%, Type III or hooked 40%) that can affect the odds of having rotator cuff injury (Type III ~65%) and detected via a x-ray study. The shoulder blade or scapula also moves or, glides, over the ribs or thorax cage via the scapulothoracic interface when lifting the arm upward and out.

Scapulohumeral Rhythm: a 2:1 ratio during shoulder abduction between the humerus and the scapula. As the arm lifts the angulation of the scapula moves at half the rate. Sometimes this can cause a clunk-clunk-clunk sound as the shoulder blade moves over the ribs and may indicate a muscular imbalance. If pain or discomfort occupies your shoulder, don’t wait to get it evaluated. Quick and effective treatment exists within a thorough soft tissue examination and clinical experience.

Thoracic Spine

The 12 thoracic vertebrae create a kyphotic curve, a primary curve in our spine, formed within the womb. The curve is opposite in the neck and low back. Thoracic vertebrae are connected or hinged via costovertebral joints to 12 pairs of ribs (7 true and 5 false). A dozen vertebrae interconnected via multiple facet joints allowing motion. The top 6 vertebrae or the upper thoracic spine rotate and lateral flex due to coronal facets. The lower thoracic spine has less rotation and lateral flexion but more flexion and extension are due to sagittal facets. But keep in mind we are all unique and variations within the spine known as congenital anomalies. Midline of chest is the sternum, the manubrium at the top and the xiphoid process at the bottom. There are 10 ribs that attach to the sternum via costal cartilages and the bottom 2 ribs float in the muscles of the abdominal wall.

Muscles of the Shoulder & Thorax

Muscles of Scapular Stabilization: Trapezius, Rhomboid Major/Minor, Levator Scapulae, Serratus Anterior, Pectoralis Minor

Movements of the Scapula: Depression, Elevation, Protraction, Retraction, Upper Rotation

Muscles of the Rotator Cuff: Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor, Subscapularis

Movements of the Glenohumeral Joint: Internal & External Rotation, Abduction & Adduction, Flexion & Extension

Shoulder Range of Motion

Flexion: 150-170    ~    Extension: 35-45

Horizontal adduction: 130-160    ~    Abduction: 40-50

Abduction: 160-180    ~    Adduction: 20-40

External/Internal Rotation w/arm along body: 60/70

External/Internal rotation at 90 degrees of abduction: 90/70

Postural Awareness: Spine, Chest & Pelvis

If breathing is abnormal, many movement patterns may be altered and dysfunctional. Posture and respiration work together as one functional unit. The thoracic spine needs to be flexible and rigid at certain times. This is accomplished by co-contraction of the pelvic floor, diaphragm and abdominal wall (core), thus maintaining proper stability in order to transfer forces while still being able to breathe. A prerequisite to functional human capacity and quality of life.

Strategies to Increase Thoracic Spine Mobility

  • Foam roll upper thoracic spine for improved extension
  • Foam Roll (Upper Back Cat) for lower thoracic spine extension (can also use chair, gym ball or wall)
  • Yoga – Downward-Facing Dog helps with scapular stabilization, thoracic extension, core engagement, and pelvic/chest alignment
  • Mid-Back Rotation: Start on knees and elbows , place right hand on the back of head, place left arm straight out in front, palm down for balance. As you breathe in, lift and rotate head. Eyes follow elbow as you lift and rotate through your upper thoracic spine. No lumbar spine motion.

Written by Dr. Deane Studer, DC

Arise Chiropractic, Vernon BC

Knee, Ankle & Foot

The lower extremity has a significant impact on your ability to move within your world. A series of moving links (hip, knee and ankle joints) work cooperatively in dynamic and static states. This capacity affords us the opportunity to proficiently move, perform and pursue our passion in life. An understanding of these articulations, muscles, joints and their biomechanics should help in sustaining our quest to stay healthy and active!

Specialized sensory receptors in the body (muscles, tendons ligaments and joints) have a proprioceptive function, meaning they relay positional or spatial awareness to your brain in order to maintain upright balance. This is accomplished through a constant stream of information flowing from our body into our spine and up into our brain. Neuropathways, or somatic sensory circuits, create a sense of self as we move our body parts through space and time.

Joints

The knee joint is the largest, most complex joint in the body designed for stability. It is a modified “hinge” joint that flexes and extends with very little rotation or twisting. Stability is dependent on a complex network of thick, strong ligaments inside and outside the joint. Mobility must exist above and below the knee joint in the hip and ankle joint. If the hips are tight and stiff, the knee joint is vulnerable to excessive motion that can create wear and tear. The patella (also known as the knee cap) is the largest “sesamoid” bone in the body and glides between the two round surfaces on the femur bone with knee flexion/extension. On top of the tibia bone sits two shock-absorbing pads, called the menisci, which help to deepen the knee joint surface area in a figure-eight-like pattern. This meniscus pattern shares connections with the cruciate ligaments and assists in guiding the small amount of rotation in the knee.

The foot and ankle are key focal points of support for total body weight forces. Every day we endure concentrated forces of stress through the ankle, which acts as a shock absorber and distributes those forces into the foot. The ankle joint consists of two primary hinge-type joints, the talocrural and subtalar joints. While upright and in gravity, these joints are constantly adapting to the accommodations necessary to stand, walk, run or jump. The fibula and tibia bones from above, and the talus bone from below, form the talocrural joint, which is a hinge joint. The talus and calcaneus make up the subtalar joint. These complex movements in the human frame require intricate and subtle relationships governed by neuromuscular reflexes, provided by our nerves, spinal cord, and brain.

Ligaments

Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL): A superficial, long and flat ligament between the medial epicondyle of the femur and the tibia (4 – 7 cm); stabilizes the inside of the knee joint; resists excessive external rotation and abduction.

Medial Capsular Ligament (MCL): Deep, thick, and attaches to the medial meniscus; shares fibers of the joint capsule; resists inward or valgus stress and medial rotation; stabilizes anterior-posterior movement assisting the anterior cruciate ligament.

Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL): A strong cord-like ligament attaching from the lateral epicondyle of the femur to the top or superior head of the fibula; does not attach to the meniscus; resists outward or external rotation of the femur on the tibia; not injured as much as the MCL due to its lack of meniscal attachment.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL): A strong intra-articular ligament that runs front-to-back (anterior to posterior); fibers are taut with straight leg; prevents the femur from moving backwards or posteriorly on the tibia.

Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL): An intra-articular ligament that attaches back-to-front (posterior to anterior); prevents forward movement of the tibia relative to the femur and internal rotation of the tibia

Patellar Ligament: Common tendon of quadriceps muscle inserts on tibial tuberosity

Muscles

Quadriceps: The largest muscle mass in the body: Rectus Femoris, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus Medialis, Vastus Intermedius. Its action is extension of the knee, flexion of hip (Rectus Femoris only), and tracking of Patella (Vastus Lateralis and Medialis)

Sartorius: A flexor and external rotator of hip joint and flexor of knee joint, and the longest muscle in the body

Hamstrings: Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus & Biceps Femoris. Its action is flexion of the knee, extension of hip, deceleration of leg, stability functions with knee extension

Popliteus: Small muscle that flexes the tibia and rotates it medially

Iliotibial (IT) Band: Tendinous extension of the tensor fasciae latae and gluteus maximus Gastrocnemius. The two heads (lateral and medial) insert above knee; common tendon (Achilles) insets on the calcaneus; influences knee flexion and ankle plantar flexion.

Range of Motion

Standing with both feet on the floor (Closed Kinetic Chain) with a straight or “locked knee” creates zero degrees of flexion due to ligaments, meniscus and joint capsule being tight and at maximum tension. As the knee moves into flexion, the knee “unlocks” and the femoral head and lateral condyle externally rotate slightly and the medial condyle glides or translates in the first 15-20 degrees. Rotational movement is greatest between 45-90 of knee flexion. Knee flexion (120-150 degrees) and extension or hyperextension (5-10 degrees).

Ligaments

Medial Collateral or “Deltoid” Ligament: A thick, strong triangular ligament on the medial side of ankle; from the medial malleolus above, it fans out and inserts on three ankle bones (navicular, calcaneus, talus)

Lateral collateral ligament: Three distinct ligaments (calcaneofibular, anterior/ posterior talofibular) and considerably weaker than its medial counterpart; prone to ankle “inversion” sprains

Muscles

Anterior Leg: Tibialis Anterior, Extensor Digitorium Longus, Extensor Hallucis Longus (Anterior Shin Splints)

Posterior Leg: Tibialis Posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Flexor Hallucis Longus, (Posterior Shin Splints), Plantaris, Triceps Surae, Gastrocnemius (superficial and soleus/deep)

Lateral Leg: Peroneal Tertius, Peroneal Longus, Peroneal Brevis

Foot (Dorsal): Extensor Digitorum Brevis, Extensor Hallucis Brevis, Interossei

Foot (Plantar): Abductor Hallucis, Abductor Digiti Minimi, Flexor Digitorum Brevis, Quadratus Plantae, Lumbricles, Flexor Hallucis Brevis, Adductor Hallucis, Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis, Interossei

Range of Motion

Talocrural Joint: Dorsiflexion (20-30 degrees); Plantarflexion (40-50 degrees)

Subtalar Joint: Supination or Inversion (20 degrees); Pronation or Eversion (10 degrees)

Ankle & Foot Arches

The 3 arches in the foot create support with a suspension-like capacity. The talus bone is considered the “keystone” of support in the arch of the foot. It gives us information for our balance and posture. It allows us to move with precision and power when activities demand it. Strengthening the arches must happen over time and with understanding of proper biomechanics. The 3 arches of the foot are: Medial Longitudinal Arch, Lateral Longitudinal Arch, Transverse Arch.

Squat Test

Perform a squat 5-6 times with good, upright posture (looking straight ahead, feet hip-width and parallel, using a postural grid in the background for reference. You can also take a video or picture (front and lateral views) to check for the structural dysfunctions that may occur below.

  1. Knees move inward of ankles. Right or Left
  2. Inside arch of foot collapses (pronation/Inversion) Right or Left
  3. Foot rotates laterally: Right or Left
  4. Spine flexes forward/dowel angles forward. More than 30 degrees? Y / N
  5. Pelvis shifts or translates: Right or Left
  6. Heels lift off floor: Yes / No
  7. Toes grip floor for balance: Yes / No

Key considerations while performing the squat:

  1. Knees should align vertically above ankles
  2. Inside or medial arch should be maintained. If arch flattens or pronates, this can stretch the soft tissues (plantar fascia/aponeurosis), leading to plantar fascitis or achilles tendonitis
  3. Feet should stay pointing straight ahead and not flare out
  4. Poor flexibility through the ankle and hip joints creates imbalance posteriorly and the upper body will counter-balance by leaning forward respectively.
  5. Asymmetry through old injuries or poor postural habits over the years causes the pelvis to shift laterally or side-to-side, compensating to maintain stability
  6. Tight calf muscles limit the ankle joint in dorsiflex (see #4). When stability is compromised due to body weight moving forward, intrinsic foot muscles have to work hard to resist falling forward and losing balance.

Written by Dr. Deane Studer, DC

Arise Chiropractic, Vernon

Creating a Strong, Stable Core

What Is Your Core?
It?s a group of muscles and connective tissue that forms a circumferential wall from front
to back, a roof from above and a floor from below that stabilizes your torso and spine.
It?s like a back support belt that?s built from within. Its primary function is to stabilize
and support your lower back when moving and especially when lifting. It also allows
energy and forces to move through your torso or mid-section that is generated from
either your legs or arms to perform a task. Before any body motion can occur, your core
muscles will activate or turn on. Compensations for a weak core will cause adaptations
or faulty movement patterns and increases the risk of an injury.

Anatomy = Muscles

In the Front (Anterior):
1. Transverse Abdominus (TrA) – deepest layer in the front; fixed to lower 6 costal
cartilages, thoraco-lumbar fascia, & iliac crest; attaches to the mid-line Linea Alba;
contracts to narrow waist slightly and flattens stomach.
2. Rectus Abdominus (RA) – superficial & vertical muscle running from xiphoid process
and costal cartilage up high to pubic symphysis below
3. Internal Oblique (IO) – middle lateral layer; fixed to thoraco-lumbar fascia in the back
& inguinal ligament and anterior iliac crest in the front
4. External Oblique (EO) – superficial & lateral layer; fixed to lateral portion of lower 7
ribs and attaches to linea alba, pubic bone, & anterior iliac crest

In the Back (Posterior):
Multifidus – small, intersegmental muscles attached to each vertebral segment on
the left and right side (sacrum-lumbar-thoracic-cervical spine to axis or C2).

On the top (Superior):
Diaphragm: a sheet of muscle shaped like a dome; controls breathing

On the bottom (Inferior):
Pelvic floor – a hammock-like ?group? of muscles from tailbone (coccyx) & sits bones
(ischial tuberosities) to the pubic bone in the front.

*Pregnancy/child birth can alter recruitment patterns which can lead to leakage, painful
scars, prolapse, diastasis recti, painful sex, and dry vaginas. Seek a professional
knowledgable in pelvic floor dysfunction/rehab.

What Does It Do?
Your core muscles stabilize your lower back BEFORE movement of your arms & legs
occurs. It also transfers force from your upper extremity to your lower extremity or vice
versa. Proper activation and function is critical to prevent wear and tear (degeneration
or osteoarthritis) in your spinal joints.

Therapeutic Goals
It?s very important to remember that every person is Unique! If you have pain in your
spine after training or with specific movements (ie. deadlifts, kettlebells), seek expert
advice on your lifting technique. If the pain persists for more than a few days or this is a
chronic condition, consult a health care professional who you know and trust. You
should have a “health care team” of professionals who will work to help you learn more
about the ?weak? link in the chain or the dysfunctional motor recruitment patterns.
Professional treatment of the condition should produce tangible results within the first
two visits – decreasing inflammation, reducing pain and increasing range of motion.
The severity of the tissue damage, your age, your nutritional and lifestyle habits, and
number of prior injuries, will dictate your timeline to rehab and recover from the injury.

4 Core Tests
1. Flexor Endurance – supported half sit-up while maintaining good posture (ie.
maintain good lumbar lordosis); ideal time ~66 sec for men ~81 sec for women
2. Lateral Endurance – side bridge using one hand and one foot on floor, high hand on
low shoulder; ideal time ~40 sec
3. Extensor Endurance – legs and pelvis supported and secure by another person on a
bench or using a GHD machine or a superman position on the floor; be careful not to
curve your lumbar spine curve, try to keep your xiphoid process and pubic bone in
contact with the floor; hold body in a straight line on bench or GHD; lift chest and
thighs off floor (if doing the superman) and maintain length for as long as you can;
ideal time ~60 secs
4. Postural Breathing Pattern – Your breathing pattern should NOT be vertical. In
other words, if your chest/collar/neck lift vertically when you breath in, then you are
not breathing correctly or efficiently. This is considered dysfunctional. Ideally, you
should be breathing down into your belly and the belly moves outward in all directions
(forward, laterally, and posteriorly); this is difficult when under loads or performing
many athletic movements. This takes training and years of practice and should be a
focus to increase your overall performance.

Breathing with Core Activation
Dysfunctional breathing decreases overall strength due to poor alignment of the spine.
It also limits your thoracic spine?s flexibility necessary for an upper right posture. Por
posture will weaken the stabilizers of the shoulder blade/scapula and limits shoulder
flexion. It will also limit shoulder rotation needed for overhead movements, ie. pull-ups,
overhead squat. Depending on your neuromuscular patterns and tendencies, your
spine will compensate some where and weaken the overall structural support.

Train Your Brain?
Rehab Principle:
You must restore or “TRAIN” the recruitment patterns of the deep core muscles –
meaning the order or sequential firing of synergistic muscles via your nervous system.
1. Isolate and create awareness so you can fire or activate it on command.
2. Strengthen it with specific and progressively harder exercises that target and
challenges it neurologically.
3. Increasing the intensity and loads over time will increase your athletic performance.

Why Train with Core in Mind?
With mental awareness, a wave-like contraction of muscles (diaphragm, multifidus,
pelvic floor, abdominal wall) creates a safety mechanism that protects and supports
your back. It?s a collective integration that strengthens your internal architecture for
whole body functional movements – breathing, posture, & movement.
– Training comes before strengthening
– Core/proximal stability precedes distal/extremity mobility
– Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is a pneumo-muscular reflex and must be trained
mentally through sensory engrams; think of it as a software program that gets hardwired,
so train your brain.

Core Exercises
1. Asymmetric Kettlebell carry “bottom-up”
2. Pallof Press – standing good posture holding rubber band close to your mid-section,
create tension in rubber band, then push straight forward with hands while
maintaining strong core, repeat.
3. Cable chop – using rubber bands and wooden dowell, see demo
4. Stir-The-Pot – using a Swiss ball, fingers interlaced, plank position, elbows bent,
slowly stir the ball in a clockwise direction and then counter-clockwise direction.
5. Wall Bug (Kolar) – on your back w/hands against wall, legs 90/90, spine neutral core
activated, alt. taping heels while pressing hands into wall
6. Body Rolls – lying on foam roller vertical with head free, holding a ball over head, core
activated, slowly take ball over head while maintaining neutral spine and breathing.
7. Curl-up – Lift chest/shoulders over ground 1/4 off ground, keeping low back stable on
ground. Lumbar spine should not move, only upper spine. Try to prevent your
lumbar spine from over arching by engaging your core.
*Youtube will have examples of all the above mentioned exercises. Look at a few of
them before trying.

Written by Dr. Deane Studer, DC

Chiropractic: Relief, Repair, Restore

For over 100 years, the art of moving the spinal bones into their natural alignment has been the chiropractor’s underlying goal. For relief of back pain and discomfort, not many healing therapies work as effectively or are as long-lasting.

Our body is a highly organized collection of moving joints, muscles, soft tissue, organs, and much more. The spine is unique in that it serves as the entrance and exit point of most of the nerves in our body, so it is no wonder why a misalignment of the spine can impact both the well-being of our back and other areas of our body.

The beauty of the human body is its capacity to heal itself; however, the quality of the repair is often overlooked. Will the pain go away in a few days? Or maybe a year or two goes by and you have another pain episode. But this time it is taking longer than it should to go away, leaving you feeling less than optimal. Chiropractors are spine experts! We see patients with back and neck pain who want just relief. We also see patients who understand that proper repair and restoration may take longer, but with more satisfying results. We also see patients who come in for maintenance check-ups as a preventative part of their health care. We can tailor our care to work within your needs. Ultimately, we want you to live your life pain-free and to your fullest potential.

Written by Dr. Deane Studer, DC

New Research Connects Breathing & Postural Sway

Posture is an intricate and coordinated balancing act that is infinitely monitored, adjusted, and modified every second you are standing.  Standing up-right with balance also requires neurological information from visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive input.  This information is sent to the brain, the master computer, that interprets all this information.  The central nervous system calculates where we are in space and what must be done in order to maintain it.

Recent studies have demonstrated that postural sway can determine how your balance and strength relates to your ability to breath.  When your eyes are closed people tend to sway forwards-backwards when brain function is impaired due to brain damage as in the case of stoke patients, researchers observed.

Chiropractic adjustments corrects faulty or sensori-motor errors being fed into the your brain’s computer.  Therapeutically, chiropractic can improve or enhance the bodies perception of being aligned – head-torso-pelvis-feet vertically balanced.

Manor, B. D., Hu, K., Peng, C. K., Lipsitz, L. A., & Novak, V. (2012). Posturo-respiratory synchronization: Effects of aging and stroke. Gait & Posture, 36(2), 254-9. doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.03.002. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22475726

Written by Dr. Deane Studer, DC

Research Suggests Controlled-Motion Exercises

Our Chiropractic goal is to improve your posture.  Your posture is controlled by your nervous system’s ability to strategically collects sensations from all the joints in your body.  Amazingly, in less than one second millions of nerve impulses travel from the brain to your muscles which redistributes your balance as you move and change directions.

Chiropractic treatments correct bad or faulty movement patterns within the spine.  Research study done on “The Effect of Tai Chi on Posturo-Respiratory synchronization in frail older adults” concluded:  “Tai Chi training reduced the impact of closing the eyes on the strength of posturo-respiratory synchronization when standing.  Tai Chi may therefore reduce the role of vision in the control of multi-system interaction”

Get active in movement-based activities like yoga or tai chi, which helps to train accuracy and better muscular control of your body.  Your muscles and joints provides vital information to your brain via proprioception.  This enhances and reduces errors between perception and reality.  Strong balance is a growing problem as one ages.  Do your best to prevent this from happening.  Strong balance, alignment, and muscles are key to moving well and stay healthy!

Holmes, M., Manor, B., Lipsitz, L. A., & Li, L. (2013). The Effect of Tai Chi on Postturo-Respiratory Synchronization in Frail Older Adults. Retrieved from Google Scholar.

Written by Dr. Deane Studer, DC

Chiropractic Research for Better Health Choices

From the Journal of Neuro Surgery Spine April 2013 Grosso, M.J. states, “reversal of the normal cervical spine curvature, as seen in cervical kyphosis, can lead to mechanical dysfunction, and functional disabilities”.  Abnormal curves and poor posture creates increased tension and pressure altering cellular function.  This includes bone cells, nerve cells, disc cells, and the cells of our spinal ligaments.  Long-term health issues can develop and even accelerate aging due to altered function and poor adaptation.  It’s all about having great spinal balance, great posture, and great nerve function.

Our clinic focuses on restoring the neck curve so that there is less interference in spinal cord and nerve function.  Studies show that well aligned neck vertebrae deteriorate less with arthritic breakdown and maintain better overall mobility.

Optimal spinal alignment = optimal health

Dr. Deane Studer, DC